How to Cite a PowerPoint in APA

Citing a PowerPoint presentation in APA format is simple once you know the specific style guidelines. This comprehensive guide covers everything you need to know to correctly cite PowerPoint slides using APA 7th edition.

In-Text Citations

To cite a PowerPoint in-text, include the author’s last name and year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence where the information is used.

Example:
(Smith, 2020)

If you mention the author’s name in the text, only include the year of publication in parentheses.

Example:
According to Smith (2020)…

For PowerPoints with no identifiable author, use the title in quotation marks where you would normally put the author’s last name. Provide the year of publication in parentheses.

Example:
(“Title of Presentation,” 2020)

Reference List Entry

In your reference list, the format for citing a PowerPoint is:

  • Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial.
  • (Year of Publication).
  • Title of presentation [Format].
  • Publisher name.
  • URL

Example:
Smith, J. K. (2020). Research methods overview [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas@FNU. https://www.fnu.edu

Use sentence case for the title, capitalizing only the first word and any proper nouns. Italicize the title and enclose the format (PowerPoint slides) in square brackets.

Provide the publisher name, which is often the name of the website, learning management system (Canvas, Blackboard), or organization which hosts the PowerPoint. End with the URL link to directly access the slides.

Tips for Citing a PowerPoint

Here are some additional tips when citing PowerPoint slides:

  • Only the author’s last name and first initial are used in APA in-text citations. Never include middle initials or suffixes (Jr., III, etc.)
  • Use n.d. for no date if a publication date cannot be determined.
  • For PowerPoints from a classroom website, provide the school name and URL instead of the publisher name.
  • If the PowerPoint slides are from lecture notes posted on a school site, use the professor’s name as the author.

Citing Online PowerPoint Slides

For PowerPoints available online, the format is only slightly different than citing print slides:

  • Author Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. or Organization Name
  • (Year of Publication).
  • Title of presentation [Format].
  • Publisher name or Site Name.
  • URL

Example:
Perplexity AI. (2024). APA format overview [PowerPoint slides]. SlideShare. https://www.slideshare.net/perplexityai/apa-format-overview

The publisher name can be omitted for well-known hosting sites like SlideShare.

Use this same format to cite Google slides, Prezi presentations, slides from TED talks, and other online slide hosting platforms.

Images in PowerPoint Slides

For images used within PowerPoint slide presentations, APA format is:

In-text: (Author Last Name, Year)

Reference: Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Title [Format]. Site Name. URL

Provide the name of the image creator or artist as the author. Include the year and title of the image, followed by the hosting site name and URL in brackets.

Conclusion

Citing PowerPoint slides in proper APA format is essential to properly attribute sources and avoid plagiarism. This guide covered in-text citations, reference entries, tips for online slides, and citing images in presentations using the latest APA 7th edition style. Following these guidelines will ensure your PowerPoint citations are formatted correctly.